Return and Reintegration

Globally, IOM provides return and reintegration assistance to migrants who wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin. Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programmes (AVRR) are an integral part of a comprehensive approach to migration management aimed at offering humane and dignified return and reintegration options to migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host countries.

IOM provides logistical and financial support during the pre-departure and post-arrival stages of the return process. Reintegration assistance is a vital component of IOM’s programmes which aim to support returning migrants by providing opportunities for employment, skills development and training, education, and income-generating activities. Tailored reintegration packages aim to promote returnee self-sufficiency. IOM has assisted more than 1.2 million migrants worldwide since 1979.

In the UK, IOM was responsible for the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme for over 10 years. From 2011 until recently, Refugee Action had been implementing this programme. With effect from 1 January 2016 the Home Office will be providing support for those who want to return home. These services will be provided through the Home Office Voluntary Departure Service available at: 0300 004 0202 (Monday – Friday between 09.00 and 17.30)

If you require assistance with travel documents or the flight booking but no additional special assistance, please email: If you require special assistance, such as medical help or reintegration assistance, please contact:

The MAGNET II Project - Job Placement Assistance 

MAGNET II is a project designed to provide Iraqi returnees with information on existing and potential job opportunities in liaison with the government of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRG) and private sector employers in the region. The project aims to secure jobs for returnees from the UK to the governorates of Erbil, Dahuk and Sulaymaniyah. IOM staff in these cities can support returnees in three ways:

1. Providing information on the situation of the labour market in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, as well as training and other reintegration opportunities

2. Providing assistance in the creation of a CV that is included in a job-matching database in order to identify vacancies corresponding to individual skills

3. Sharing existing job vacancies relevant to an individual's profile and referring to potential employers in the region

IOM MAGNET II staff have been working with national institutions and the private sector in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq to promote the unique talents that returnees from the UK and other European countries (namely, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany and The Netherlands) can bring to their businesses.  These employers register their vacancies with IOM, hoping to benefit from the skills of their returning nationals. The vacancies are stored on an IOM database and then matched with the returnees’ skills and experience to find potential suitable candidates. The database allows returnees to access accurate and up-to-date information on available jobs. It also assists potential employers in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq to ensure that a suitably skilled person is hired, based on qualifications, skills, and experience.

The service is available to all Iraqis considering returning from the UK and those who have already returned to the KRG (please click here to find out more about the project). 

For more information on the project, please contact IOM UK on or +44(0) 207 811 6000 


This project provides enhanced reintegration assistance to Nigerian nationals who are returning home from Europe under an assisted voluntary return and reintegration programme. Through the provision of in-kind grants, returnees can access support such as: temporary accommodation, vocational training (with a monthly stipend), business training and medical assistance. In addition, for returnees who are planning to set up a small business in certain sectors, assistance is available for the purchase of equipment or goods to help get the business going. More information about the project is available here.

If you are a Nigerian living in the UK and would like more information about the project, you can email: or call +44(0) 207 811 6000. Please note that you would need to qualify for and return via the UK’s national assisted voluntary return programme, presently implemented by Refugee Action (more information available here:  

If you are a Nigerian living in another European country then you will need to contact the local IOM office for further information. You can use the dropdown menu in this link to find the relevant contact details ( 

Facilitated Reintegration Scheme (FRS)

In line with its Constitution, IOM only assists those individuals who want to return voluntarily to their county of origin. Nevertheless, migrants who are forcibly returned, often after several years in the host country, face considerable difficulty reintegrating in their country of origin. Considering this need for assistance by a number of forcibly returned migrants, IOM overseas country offices provide post-arrival reintegration assistance to UK returnees after they have been formally admitted to their country by the authority. IOM UK coordinates the programme which has assisted over 5000 returnees in some 60 countries since 2011.